1971 Winter 1971, Federal Republic of Germany
Ulrike Meinhof is put in charge of writing a manifesto of the group. The result, “The Concept of the Urban Guerrilla,” is released in late winter, achieving wide circulation by May. On its cover is a logo: a rifle over a star, with the letters RAF on top of them. The rifle is a Kalashnikov Rifle, the Soviet-Bloc machine gun that they had grown to love in their Jordan training. “RAF” stands for the name the group has just christened itself as: “The Red Army Faction” (the Kalashnikov would later be replaced in the logo by the German-made Heckler and Koch machine pistol).