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There where several organizations active in West Germany in the early 1970s that were committed to attacking the property of the state and fighting fascism, but were not terrorists proper. The West Berlin Tupamaros, named after the Uruguayan urban guerrilla movement of the late 1960s, was one such group. The Socialist Patients Collective–a group of patients of a Heidelberg psychiatrist who believed that their mental illness was caused by capitalism–was another.

Many of the members of these groups would eventually drift towards the major terrorist organizations, particularly the Red Army Faction and the June Second Movement. You will find those people listed here and with the terrorist organization they eventually joined.

Proto-Terrorists: Socialist Patients Collective

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Proto-Terrorists: West Berlin Tupamaros

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