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More than 100 young germans became left-wing terrorists during the 1970s. The most prominent group was the Red Army Faction, commonly known during it’s early years as the Baader-Meinhof Gang. Members who joined after the capture and imprisonment of the original leadership of the group were often called “the second generation.”

The June 2nd Movement was a West Berlin-based group that often participated in actions with the Baader-Meinhof Gang. The Revolutionary Cells were a less-well known organization who nonetheless participated in some of the most spectacular and deadly terrorist attacks in the 1970s.

Several groups would be more properly defined as proto-terrorist; nascent radical groups who contained many members who would later join one of the three major terrorist organizations.

Because of the loose and revolving nature of the memberships of these organizations, I have tried my best to place them with the organization that they first joined and note their other organization memberships within their biographies. For instance Brigitte Mohnhaupt, was a member of the proto-terrorist group the Socialist Patients Collective before becoming a central member of the Red Army faction during both the Baader-Meinhof era and the second generation era.

Red Army Faction: Baader-Meinhof Gang

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Red Army Faction: the Second Generation

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The June 2nd Movement

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Revolutionary Cells

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Other Terrorists

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Proto-Terrorists: Socialist Patients Collective

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Proto-Terrorists: West Berlin Tupamaros

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